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Edwin Hubble

The Big Bang


God's Creation as told in Genesis

Edwin Hubble

In the Beginning:

When Einstein first developed his theory of general relativity he immediately noted that it predicted that the universe was expanding from a beginning, from an infinitesimal volume.  This prediction was a direct contradiction to the current thinking that the universe was infinitely old and in a static state.  So Einstein then added an ad hoc "cosmological constant" to his theory to eliminate the expansion.  Later when observations showed an expanding universe Einstein said this was  "the greatest blunder of my scientific career."

In the early part of the 20th century a University of Chicago Astronomer, Edwin Hubble  observed faint fussy objects in the sky, using the Mount Wilson, 100 inch Hooker Telescope.  Looking at these objects with this new powerful telescope, he was able to see that these objects were not gas as previous thought, but stars which appeared to be very far away.  He soon realized that these stars were outside our own Milky way, and he called them Island Universes. (Today we call them Galaxies)  He soon found many more Galaxies and by comparing the brightness of certain stars with known absolute brightness he was able to calculate the distance of these Galaxies.


Hubble took spectrographs of these galaxies and noted that most of them had spectrums that had shifted to the red side.  This indicated that the galaxies where moving away from us.  As he examined more and more galaxies he noted that the smaller and fainter the galaxy was (thus indicating a greater distance) the more the spectrum shifted to the red, indicating that they were moving away at even greater speeds.  The implications of the observations were that in the distant past all these galaxies were much closer together, and if we go back far enough they would all merge into one point.  This implies a beginning point and beginning event, which has been dubbed the Big Bang.  

Confirmations of the Big Bang:

Einstein's theory plus Hubbles observations confirmed each other.  Then in 1962 a radio signal was picked up which came from outer space.  This static on the radio was actually the echo from the Big Bang.  Since that time NASA has launched satellites to observe this background radiation left over from the Big Bang.  The most notable of these was the COBE in 1992 which was heralded as the most stunning confirmation of the Big Bang yet!  The theoretical predictions of this background radiation left over from the Big Bang is exactly what was observed by the COBE satellite. 

In 1946 George Gamow calculated that the only way for the universe to have the observed abundance of elements was through a universe that is expanding from a near infinitely hot beginning.  Gamow also discovered that only a rapid cooling cosmos from a near infinitely high temperature could account for how protons an neutron fused together, forming a universe that is about 72% hydrogen, 25% helium, and 3% heavier elements.  Gamow's calculations also predicted the average temperature that would be left over from the Big Bang, which he calculated to be about 5 degrees above absolute zero.  This is what the COBE satellite confirmed. 

Many other tests and observation have been conducted on the theory of the Big Bang, and all have confirmed the theory to be true.  To date Einstein's theory of Relativity and the Big Bang theory are the most widely challenged and tested theories in science.  They have both with-stood all the most exacting tests and scrutiny imaginable and therefore are now excepted as facts science.

Theological Implications of the Big Bang:

The Big Bang points directly to a beginning event for the Universe.  A beginning implies a beginner or a creator.  Some scientist have proposed numerous theories in an effort to get around this fact that the Universe had a beginning and therefore needed something or someone to bring the Universe into being.  All these other theories have no observations to back them up and remain purely speculations.

Before the Big Bang, where Science can not go, but the Bible does go.

While science is remarkable in going to the very edge of creation, it finely runs into a brick wall.  Science can not go back any further then the first 1/100 of a second of time.  All calculations before that fall apart, the laws of physics no longer work, and time itself seems to stop as we approach an infinite temperature and an infinite density.  Science can only speculate about what happened before this time.  They have no real explanation of why or how the Universe suddenly and instantly sprang forth.  The Bible clearly states in the first chapter of Genesis that God created the Universe.  To believe that the Universe suddenly came from empty space all by itself, is a leap of faith greater then I have

Einstein's famous equation E=mc2 may give us a clue. This equation says that energy is equal to mass times the speed of light squared.  If you fill in the estimated mass of universe and multiply it by the speed of light squared, you will get an estimate of the energy required to create the universe.  It took an almost infinite astronomical amount of energy to create this huge amount of matter, at the moment of creation. 

I like to think that the Bible is correct and God was the source of this infinite energy. 

God said "Let there be light, and there was light."

Secular World View - The Universe started with the Big Bang, from empty space, but science has no explanation of what caused the Big Bang.  Some Scientist have proposed new theories to get around a creator but without any observations for the theory.

Christian World View - God Created the Universe and the unfolding of this creation may have been similar to the Big Bang event as described by science. 

Each of the following pages will explore different topics on the Cultural War divide.     

Culture War: introduction

EVOLUTION: The Theory of Evolution versus Biblical Creation.

The BIG BANG: versus God's Creation as told in Genesis.

The Age of the Universe: the Genesis Story versus Modern Astronomy.

The Theory of Relativity, Physics affect on Social Morals.

Women's Rights and Abortion on demand.

The Kinsey Report, the Pill & the Playboy Philosophy versus Biblical Teachings. 

The Gay Rights Movement:  Moral Values of Gays versus Christian Moral Values. 

Activist Judges and the ACLU:  How the courts are undermining our Democratic Republic form of government.  

Sex and Violence in the Media shape the American Moral Code. 

Socialism, Communism or Capitalism what is best for America. 

Christianity verse Islam is Islam a threat to America? 

There is a problem with the Big Bang theory that most writers will ignore or briefly gloss over.   If the Universe started from a small point, this is called a "Singularity", (a very large amount of matter in a very small area or actually zero volume)  A Singularity has a mass many times that of our Sun but has been squeezed to a very small area: an area with zero volume, which then implies an infinite density.  A Singularity has an enormous gravitational field, so much so that all the matter is crushed to a single point.  A Singularity is also known as a Black Hole from which nothing can ever escape.  The gravitational field is so great that not even light traveling at 860,000 miles per second can  escape it, and nothing can go faster then the speed of light, according to Einstein.  So how can the matter inside the Singularity escape this almost infinite gravitation field to flow into the space we now know as the Universe?  At this point science just makes guesses or make suggestions, which are no better then the story in the Bible.  Some scientist are suggesting that matter exceeded the speed of light for a short time to escape the Mother of all Back Holes: however, this explanation will require some more work on Einstein's Relativity.

If you find this topic interesting, I recommend reading the following books.

The First Three Minutes, by Steven Weinberg, Basic Books, Inc. New York, 1977

A Brief History of Time, by Stephen W. Hawking, Bantum Books, New York, 1988

The Elegant Universe, by Brian Greene, Vintage Books, New York, 2000

The Creator and the Cosmos, by Hugh Ross, NavPress, Colorado Springs, CO, 1993

The Bible: Genesis 1:1-31   

A Matter of Days, Resolving a Creation Controversy, by Hugh Ross, Navpress (Colorado Springs, CO)  2004

Last update Jan. 2016

Cosmos, Edwin Hubble, Big Bang